What are the most common species of trees that invade Hickory in Chesapeake? The answer depends on who you ask. One common species is the red maple, which can grow up to 30 feet high and is one of the largest trees in the Eastern United States. Red maples have a sharp, evergreen trunk with a deep, coarse twig-like branch, and a deep, dark green root system.
The black birch is another invasive species that has recently grown in numbers in Hickory as well as Great Bridge, Deep Creek, and Greenbrier. Black birch has a coarse texture and grows up to three feet high, with a green tree bearing bark that is long and thick. The tree favors moist soil with good drainage and thrives in the full sunlight. Some invaders have been reported as far north as northern Minnesota. Two other closely related species are the red maple and the oak.
Some tree growth is undesirable and can cause damage. Maple trees, for instance, often form cavities in roads and buildings and can severely injure people or damage property. A group of emerald trees that invade the swamps of Southwest Virginia often cause serious damage to infrastructure. Emeralds belong to the Plane tree family and are not as desirable as other trees in Virginia.
One type of tree that invades Virginia is the black walnut tree. This tree can be found in every corner of the commonwealth. It prefers moist soil that is rich in nutrients but can handle drier conditions if they are properly tended to. As a ground cover, it can shade an area for hours on end while filling in a space around a house or garage.
The black cherry tree is a more aggressive kind of tree that can grow up to three feet tall and is popular in Virginia. The tree is a fast growing tree that does best in fertile, well-drained soil. While it can grow on private land, it prefers to invade roadsides and walls. The tree is known to grow rapidly, but has a natural inclination to die back after blooming.
An extremely desirable tree for landscaping is the bluebell tree. This species grows in all areas of the commonwealth and has a very nice natural color. It has a straight growth habit and prefers acidic soils. However, it does tend to grow in fields and around homes, and is a very hearty type of tree.
Other desirable species native to Virginia are spruce trees. These species have fine, straight growth and produce beautiful bonsai art. They are also known to do well in low fertility types of soil. Spruce is a fairly easy tree to care for; however, it takes up quite a bit of room so it might not be the best choice for most landscapers. For a full list of invasive species, see the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Before these species get too out of control, call the Chesapeake Tree Guys for fast, effective tree removal services
Of course, none of these trees are invasive, but there are many reasons why people choose to have them planted in their yard. Planting a tree that can resist local species and weather will help extend the life of your home. Also, planting a tree that offers an aesthetic benefit such as beautiful foliage or colorful flowers, can help add to the value of your property. Regardless of why you chose an exotic tree for your landscape, be sure to check out what kinds of maintenance you'll need to do to keep it healthy. You don't want to spend money to have it destroyed by a freak storm!
As far as how these trees grow, they generally come in one of two forms: organic or inorganic. An organic tree is grown with natural materials. This means that the tree's roots are connected to the soil in such a way as to allow natural nutrients to be absorbed by the soil. An inorganic tree is grown with synthetic materials, often pesticides and fertilizer.
It should be noted that not all of these trees are invasive. There are some rare species that grow wild in parts of the Northeast and Northwest. These species are more likely to attack residential properties, especially those that are built in urban environments. If you have any plans to have any of these trees planted in your yard, be sure to research each species to be sure that it will be suited for your area. Be aware of potential insect and predator problems as well, and study your local growth habits to help plan the best type of tree for your needs.
Invasive trees are an unfortunate problem. They can be quite a nuisance to people who live near them, as well as those who visit. They can cause damage to structures and can be difficult to get rid of once established. However, if you plant these trees in areas that they are naturally growing, they will most likely not grow to be an issue. In the end, planting a tree in your yard is often a good idea for several reasons, including the aesthetic value and wildlife conservation.